As part of their excellent Youth Employment Campaign, the Brotherhood of St. Laurence have released their report card on youth unemployment in Australia.
The findings are mixed:
…there has been improvement in the overall rate but this also masks the reality that clusters of high youth unemployment persist – stubbornly and unevenly – across the nation.
The malaise of unemployment persists in many rural and regional locations. Two years after the Brotherhood of St Laurence rst identified ‘hotspots’ from Australian Bureau of Statistics labour force survey data, a new analysis identifies four regional areas where youth unemployment rates cluster above 20 per cent. For the worst performer – in the outback of Queensland, including the mining hub of Mount Isa – the rate reached 28 per cent.
The national youth unemployment rate of 15–24 year olds, at 12.2 per cent (trend rate in January 2016), remains well above the levels before the global nancial crisis of 2008, when it dipped below 9 per cent. More welcome news, though, can be found in tracking the decline in youth unemployment from the high in December 2014 of almost 14 per cent.
The report points out that the improvement in the national youth unemployment rate since December 2014 masks significant differences across regions in Australia.
Within each state too, there are locations with higher youth unemployment.
Victoria’s three regional “hotspots” in the national ” Top 20 “, according to the B.S.L are:
- Melbourne – West: 17.9%
- Geelong: 16.9%
- Hume: 16.0%
Both Melbourne – West and Geelong have higher youth unemployment rates from 2014, whilst the Hume regional rates have improved slightly from 2014.
Victoria – Hotspot Regions & Postcodes
Just taking the Victorian regional hotspots and the associated postcodes for each region, I have mapped the information provided within the “HotSpot” report.
Youth Unemployment and Place
Of course, this is not the whole story. As always, the importance of PLACE is paramount and the structural challenges facing different communities are as different as the communities themselves. In this second graph, I have each of Victoria’s nineteen labour force regions and have compared the youth unemployment ratio for each region.
Across all regions of the world, youth are at least twice as likely as adults to be unemployed [baseline], with the biggest gap between youth and non-youth employment in East Asia, where youth are four times  as likely to be unemployed. [Source: ILO ]
Of the nineteen  labour-force regions within Victoria, eight  suggest the Youth Unemployment Ratio [15-24] is above three 
The Hume and Warrnambool/South West regions show ratios ABOVE four 
The Geelong region shows a ratio of five