The World Economic Forum asks: How can we adapt farming to climate change?
According to UN projections, the world’s population could reach 9.15 billion by 2050, creating a 60% increase in demand for food. At the same time, the IPCC predicts that global warming will reduce agricultural yield by 2% per decade, which would no doubt lead to farmland expansion. This would have a knock-on effect on already saturated supplies of freshwater. In fact, research from the Water Resources Group suggests that by 2030, there could be a 40% gap between demand and supply of freshwater. The environmental consequences would be severe, and would almost certainly be felt most acutely by the world’s most vulnerable populations.
One way of doing this is through climate-smart agriculture. As a strategy, it aims to transform the global food system and achieve three goals: near-term productivity and food security; longer-term resilience and adaptation; and reductions in emissions across landscapes, agriculture and food systems.
The 100 governments, organizations and companies that committed to joining the newly formed Global Alliance for Climate-Smart Agriculture are taking a step in the right direction.